Darfur by Zach L.
Introduction
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Darfur is the first genocide of the 21st Century. The genocide has been going on for 5 years and in that time period between 300,000 and 400,000 people have been killed* and 2.5 million people have been forced to flee their homes. The atrocities in Darfur will continue unless more pressure is put on Sudan to stop the slaughtering of innocents.
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*It is very hard to get accurate death count since Sudan is denying most humanitarian and research group’s entrance.

History


In February, 2003 rebel groups attacked a government air force base in El Fasher, North Darfur. In response to the attack, the Sudanese government launched a counter-insurgent, military response to the rebel threat. This escalated into a scorched earth campaign.
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The US congress declared this as genocide in July, 2004. A central part of the Sudanese government’s strategy was to hire, train, and arm militias from ethnic groups that were traditionally opposed to groups that rebelled. This militia is called Janjaweed (that is loosely translated as “devil on horseback.") The Janjaweed have killed over 330,000 Sudanese and have driven 2.5 million from their homes.
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There is still violence today against not only Darfurians but also humanitarian workers and international peacekeepers.

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This graph illustrates what has happened to many villages in Sudan. The population is decimated and the town becomes almost abandoned after becoming the target of Janjaweed attacks. It is great metaphor for the rest of Darfur.


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This graph is very important because it shows how serious the problem is. In order to get people’s attention it is necessary to show that hundreds of thousands people have been killed. It lets people know that this problem is not going away on its own.


Sudan-China Relationship
More than 60% of Sudanese oil output, about 500,000 barrels a day, is purchased by China, accounting for more than 6% of Chinese imported oil. The Chinese state-owned oil company, China National Petroleum (CNPC) is the largest investor in Sudan's Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company through its 40% stake. The company’s assets in the country are valued at more than 7 billion dollars.
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On February 2nd, 2007 China gave Sudan an interest-free loan of 12.8 million dollars and a grant of 5.1 million dollars for various “projects”.

China has more influence on the Sudanese government than any other country. They have repeatedly used their UN veto to prevent action against the current regime.
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China has been criticized for supporting the Sudanese government as a trading partner and by giving them a large no interest loan. This shows that the Chinese population is not supportive of China’s actions in Sudan. It is strictly a business decision by the government.